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Global Action Agenda

Chair’s Summary of

2nd Hydrogen Energy Ministerial Meeting

- GlobalAction Agenda of Tokyo Statement -

I. Context

The Ministers and Delegatesresponsible for coordination of hydrogen energy policy within their respectivecountries met in Tokyo, Japan on 25 September 2019 to discuss strategies forcooperation toward the development of hydrogen energy. Over 30 countries andorganizations attended the meeting, underscoring continued and growing momentumtoward the wider production and use of hydrogen in the world.

They reaffirmed the view thathydrogen can be a key contributor to clean, safe and affordable energy for thefuture. The interest in hydrogen, including clean hydrogen, has increasedworldwide and numerous activities are being conducted by governments,industries and research institutions to unlock its potential as clean, reliableand secure source of energy.

The Ministers and Delegatesacknowledged significant progress made since the 1stHydrogen Energy Ministerial Meeting (HEM) held in October 2018, as summarizedin the Annex.

They reaffirmed the value ofcollaborating further to accelerate the progress in hydrogen technologies,contributing to a “Hydrogen Society[1]”, as part of a broad energy portfolio – a clean, more prosperousand secure energy future worldwide supported by using hydrogen in society whereappropriate, across power, heat, transport, building and industry sectors.

In the 1st Hydrogen Energy Ministerial Meeting, the “Tokyo Statement” wasreleased, which consists of four pillars of measures for hydrogen research,development, demonstration, and deployment. During the Clean Energy Ministerial(CEM) 2019 in Vancouver, a supportive Hydrogen Initiative was launched byCanada, Japan, US, EU and the Netherlands, with the International Energy Agency(IEA) being selected as the coordinator. At the G20 Energy Ministerial Meetingon Energy Transitions and Global Environment for Sustainable Growth in Japanthis year, Ministers recognized the importance of hydrogen and, on request ofthe G20 Presidency, the IEA published a comprehensive report to support thediscussions in June 2019. The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) hasreleased its perspective on hydrogen on the occasion of the 2nd HEM. In addition, the International Partnership for Hydrogen andFuel Cells in the Economy (IPHE) met in South Africa and Austria since the lastHEM, convening global partners in an enabling role, including dissemination ofHEM plans and facilitating coordination. Now concrete actions are needed toimplement the Tokyo Statement.

II. The need for a Global ActionAgenda

Recognizing that the next tenyears will be critical to enable wider deployment of hydrogen by scaling-up production and use of hydrogenas well as by bringing down the cost, concrete actions are needed to mobilize effortsglobally. The Ministers and Delegates recognized the value of acting on theGlobal Action Agenda from the Tokyo Statement, a principle to guide actions forhydrogen technology research, development, demonstration and deployment toachieve the scale up of hydrogen in the future.

III. Global Action Agenda of a TokyoStatement

The Ministers and Delegatesrecognize the importance of tackling challenges to scale up hydrogencomprehensively, including by formulating long-term strategies or roadmaps andidentifying challenges and the necessary policies and programs to implementchange. They encourage actions on the following items, where appropriate, inline with the four pillars in the Tokyo Statement, while taking into accountdifferent national circumstances:

Tokyo Statement Pillar 1

Collaboration on Technologiesand Coordination on Harmonization of Regulation, Codes and Standards

Tokyo Statement Pillar 2

Promotion ofInformation Sharing, International Joint Research and Development EmphasizingHydrogen Safety and Infrastructure Supply Chain

(1) Mobility across Applications

Numerous programs arebeing conducted to foster the use of hydrogen and fuel cells for mobilityapplications, including fuel cell vehicles (FCV), fuel cell (FC) trucks, FCbuses, FC trains, FC ships as well as in other applications such as forklifts,off-road vehicles and aviation. To further encourage the use of hydrogen andfuel cells in this area, it is of value to share, where appropriate, global,aspirational goals such as, but not limited to, “10 million hydrogen poweredsystems” and “10 thousand Hydrogen Refueling Stations (HRS)” in 10 years (“Ten,Ten, Ten”), as indicative, non-mandatory and collective goals to helpincentivize and mobilize the private sector and investment community. Otherpossible examples include global or regional goals for clean hydrogen, whichmay be set based on individual national or state aims or mandates. To this end,a further study to estimate demand for clean hydrogen would be of value. With aview to achieving such goals, the following actions, in areas of infrastructuredevelopment, market expansion, harmonization of regulations, codes andstandards, R&D for next generation technology development, and ensuringsafety in the use of hydrogen, are encouraged:

Mobility infrastructuredevelopment and market expansion

ž Encourage development ofhydrogen infrastructure, while reducing hydrogen cost.

ž Encourage collaborations toaccelerate the development and deployment of infrastructure and HRS’s, forexample by establishing private partnerships such as Japan H2 Mobility (JHyM)and H2Mobility in Germany.

ž Explore the use of FCV and FCheavy duty vehicles as power sources for disaster management and resiliency.

ž Facilitate the deployment ofdiverse FC mobility systems such as bus, forklift, truck, maritime, mining, andtrain applications, including through partnerships between governments and theprivate sector.

ž Mobilize financial resourcesthrough innovative mechanisms and encourage investment through public-privatepartnerships and financial institutions.

Harmonization of regulations,codes, and standards (RCS)

ž Enable harmonization ofstandards and codes in areas such as refueling components (e.g. nozzles, tanks,etc.), refueling protocols for high pressure hydrogen, components for handlingand using liquid hydrogen, such as for heavy duty vehicles, marine, and railapplications, while ensuring safety and reducing cost.

ž Review regulations and addressbarriers in areas such as regulation of FCVs in tunnels and on bridges, setback distances for liquid HRS, and RCS in emerging applications includingmaritime, rail, etc.

ž Utilize and strengthen existingglobal partnerships such as the International Partnership for Hydrogen and FuelCells in the Economy (IPHE) Regulations, Codes, Standards, and Safety WorkingGroup (RCSSWG) to create a compendium of RCS in key areas and identify areasfor harmonization.

ž Promote the development ofinternational standards for the use of hydrogen as a fuel in maritimeapplications, such as through the International Maritime Organization (IMO).

Research and development(R&D) for next generation FC systems

ž Promote R&D in areasincluding fuel cells, tanks, and hydrogen infrastructure to further reduce costacross applications.

ž Share information ontechnologies and challenges in pre-competitive fields through internationalinitiatives such as the IPHE, Mission Innovation and Technology CollaborationPrograms (TCPs) in the IEA.

ž Encourage collaboration amongindustry, governments and academia for technology development throughgovernment funding programs and publicprivate partnerships.

Ensuring hydrogen safety

ž Share, accumulate and analyze information on best practices andincidents by using information platforms, such as the Global Center forHydrogen Safety (CHS), HySafe, and the IPHE Regulations, Codes, Standards, andSafety Working Group (RCSSWG).

(2) Hydrogen Supply Chains

Hydrogen can be producedfrom multiple sources. The versatility and storage capacity of hydrogen createspotential, not only for domestic production and consumption of hydrogen, butalso for trade between countries. To enable a robust and sustainable market forhydrogen technologies, it is necessary to develop clean, affordable, secure,and reliable supply chains. The following global and collective efforts areconducive to establishing such supply chains:

R&D and Sharing Information

ž Promote R&D on supply chaincomponents such as dispensers, compressors, liquefiers, tanks, and energycarriers such as liquid organic hydrocarbons (such as methyl cyclohexane(MCH)), ammonia, etc., and other technologies for production, transportationand storage of hydrogen, including liquid hydrogen.

ž Share challenges andopportunities identified in research, development and demonstration projects tohelp establish globally competitive and reliable supply chains.

Promote investment and demonstration projects that workas models for hydrogen deployment and scale-up, and help prepare the regulatoryenvironment, such as:

ž Identify potential initialinternational shipping routes or hydrogen pipelines for hydrogen trade andopportunities for export/import of hydrogen through feasibility studies anddemonstration projects.

ž Encourage development ofhydrogen supply chains which result in low emissions footprint hydrogen, forexample, by producing hydrogen from renewable energy and/or fossil fuelscoupled with carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS) technologies.

ž Support first movers takingrisk and investing in developing advanced technologies through public/privatefunding.

ž Stimulate commercial demand forhydrogen through public support to deploy hydrogen in applications acrosstransport, industrial processes, building and power sectors.

ž Promote the development ofinternational standards for hydrogen in maritime transport such as through theInternational Maritime Organization (IMO).

Support the development of effective hydrogen trading marketsincluding:

ž Ensure regulations aretransparent and facilitate efficient international trade in hydrogen.

ž Support demand creation for thehydrogen market expansion.

ž Promote adherence to, and wherenecessary, develop international standards through the relevant internationalstandards development bodies.

ž Facilitate the removal and/orreduction of regulatory barriers.

ž Develop a common definition ofclean/sustainable hydrogen and encourage innovative approaches, such asharmonization of guarantees of origin & certificates for clean/sustainablehydrogen.

(3) Sector Integration

Continued rapid expansion ofrenewable energy in the future can create a situation where abundant powergenerated by renewables can be utilized to produce hydrogen, which in turn canbe used to decarbonize other sectors, such as power, heat, transport, buildingand industry sectors. In addition, hydrogen produced from fossil fuels, whencombined with CCUS, can also contribute to decarbonizing sectors. To achievethis integration among different sectors, action on the following agenda, suchas promotion of innovative R&D and demonstration projects is needed toestablish relevant technologies and deployment of hydrogen across sectors.

R&D

ž Promote R&D for areas suchas electrolysis, blending hydrogen in pipelines and hydrogen energy storage,including through the IEA’s TCPs.

ž Promote R&D in hydrogenpurification to support FC-grade hydrogen produced using technologies otherthan electrolysis.

Demonstration



progress in clean hydrogendeployment, while capitalizing upon existing work and resources.

ž Develop projections/scenarioson the demand for hydrogen to stimulate investment in hydrogen towardsustainable energy future.

ž Share experiences of relevantprojects and identify challenges and solutions to enrich further analysis onhydrogen.

ž Develop international standardsfor life cycle assessments (LCA) of hydrogen technologies and share informationand analysis results.

Tokyo StatementPillar 4: Communication, Education and Outreach

Sufficientunderstanding regarding the potential for hydrogen, and its benefits as well aschallenges, such as safety perceptions, is essential for further deployment ofhydrogen across applications and sectors. To this end, the following actionsare encouraged where necessary:

ž Disseminate information throughvarious mechanisms, including the Education and Outreach Working Group underIPHE.

ž Conduct outreach campaignsleveraging on hydrogen events to increase public awareness.

ž Increase global awareness ofthe use of hydrogen by utilizing high profile events, such as the 2020 TokyoOlympics, and other venues where hydrogen is featured.

ž Encourage industry andcompanies responsible for hydrogen projects to build confidence and acceptanceamongst consumers and communities and undertake ongoing community education.

ž Share information, for examplethrough webinars and training materials to help increase awareness among broadstakeholder groups, including students, teachers, policy makers, the workforce,and the public.

Ministersand Delegates acknowledged the importance of working together to ensureefficient coordination among different international fora, leveragingresources, avoiding duplication, and maximizing the effectiveness and impact oftheir work.

Annexof the Chair’s Summary of

The2nd Hydrogen Energy Ministerial Meeting

The Ministers and Delegates welcome the significant progress achievedwith regard to the implementation of the Tokyo Statement as follows. (Since the1st Hydrogen Energy Ministerial Meeting in October 2018))

“Tokyo Statement”

1. Collaboration on Technologies andCoordination on Harmonization of Regulation, Codes and Standards

2. Promotion of Information Sharing,International Joint Research and

Development Emphasizing Hydrogen Safety and InfrastructureSupply Chain

3. Study and Evaluation of Hydrogen’sPotential across Sectors Including Its Potential for Reducing Both CO2Emissions and Other Pollutants.

4. Communication, Education and Outreach

National policies for Hydrogen

l December 2018: Australia announced release of“National Hydrogen Strategy”

l January 2019: South Korea ”Roadmap forhydrogen economy”

l February 2019: FCHJU ”Hydrogen Roadmap”

l March 2019: Japan ”Strategic Road Map forHydrogen and Fuel Cells ”

l September 2019: Japan “Technology developmentstrategy for hydrogen and fuel cells”

l Japan plan to secure approximately 30% morehydrogen‐related budget than last year.

l U.S. DOE: $58M announced in 2019 for newRD&D projects, including $13M for new

H2@Scale demonstrations in Texas, Florida, and the mid‐west.

l Norway's national hydrogen strategy to bepublished by 2019

International Cooperation

l December 2018: IPHE hosted by South Africa(1,4)

Government’srepresentatives discussed how to implement and cooperate for realizing TokyoStatement.

l January 2019: Davos Meeting, Building the fasttrack for clean hydrogen economy hosted by World Economic Forum(1, 2, 3 )

Governmentsand industries discussed challenges for ramping up clean hydrogen and discussedthe tools for unlocking the potential of clean hydrogen.

l February 2019: International high‐levelworkshop on Hydrogen, hosted by the IEA High‐levelmeeting on hydrogen to support IEA analysis and recommendations to G20 onhydrogen

l March 2019: Mission Innovation, HydrogenValley hosted by Belgium ( 2 )

MissionInnovation IC‐8 have launched “Hydrogen Valley” concept to establish informationplatform for scaling up Hydrogen usage.

l April 2019: Center for Hydrogen Safetylaunched with multiple global partners (CHS) ( 2 ) CHSwas launched by both government and industry partners to promote hydrogensafety and share best practices worldwide.

l April 2019: IPHE hosted by Austria (1,4)

Governmentrepresentatives discussed how to implement and cooperate for realizing TokyoStatement.

l May 2019: Hydrogen Initiative in the CEMhosted by Canada( 1, 2 )

NewHydrogen Initiative was launched. It is coordinated by the IEA and aims toadvance commercial scale hydrogen and fuel cell related deployment acrosssectors of the economy, via policies, programs and projects.

l June 2019: G20 Ministerial Meeting on EnergyTransitions and Global Environment for Sustainable growth hosted by Japan( 1, 2,4)

Theimportance of hydrogen was referred in the Communique and Action Plan for thefirst time in G20.

l October 2019:Hydrogen Symposium hosted by Oman( 3,4)

Thefirst hydrogen symposium is going to be hosted on Hydrogen Day (October 9th)in Oman.

Report on hydrogen by International Organizations(3)

l May 2019:ERIA “Demand and Supply Potential ofHydrogen Energy in East Asia”

l June 2019: IEA ”The Future of Hydrogen”released at the G20 Summit on request of the G20 Presidency.

International Joint Project(2)

l Japan‐Australia Hydrogen Supply Chain Project

In this project, hydrogen plan to be producedby brown coal in Australia. The projects got approval by EPA, Australia inDecember 2018. Commencement of construction ceremony for hydrogen ship andHydrogen Liquefaction and Loading Terminal were held in June 2019 and July2019.

l HYREADY

The HYREADY joint industry project (JIP), ledby DNV GL, intends to encourage the industry to “Be ready for Hydrogen” bydeveloping practical processes and procedures for the introduction of hydrogento the grid. HYREADY focuses on the consequences of H2 added to natural gas inan existing specific network and on feasible countermeasures to mitigate theseconsequences.

l Joint U.S.‐EC workshop with global partners onH2@Rail (2)

Globalpartners met in Michigan to discuss opportunities for hydrogen railapplications

l Joint U.S.‐EC workshop with global partners onmarine applications (H2@Ports) (2) Globalpartners met in California to discuss opportunities for hydrogen in marineapplications.

Harmonization of Regulations, Codes, Standards and Outreach(1, 4)

l IPHE Regulations, Codes, Standards, SafetyWorking Group (RCSSWG)

RCSSWGheld regular meetings and prepared preliminary compendium of RCS to helpidentify gaps and opportunities for harmonization

Completeddraft report on tunnels in collaboration with global members, based on UKworkshop

l IPHE Education and Outreach Working Group(E&O WG) (4)

IPHEheld student outreach events, most recently in South Africa, and gaverecognition awards to students. Launched social media efforts and reachednearly one thousand stakeholders, including through international fora,conferences and panels with IPHE representation.



[1] The term "Hydrogen Society," as used in the TokyoStatement published last year, reflects a society where hydrogen is used inapplications and sectors as appropriate, and does not imply that the society isfueled only by hydrogen.


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by li_japan | 2019-09-26 23:59 | 水素エネ | Comments(0)
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